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Bayburt | Erzurum

This Kızılbaş flat-weave features a niche pattern and an anthropomorphic depiction of a face. Today’s Anatolian Kızılbaş tribes belong to a branch of the Alevis. In their beliefs, they blend religious ideas and philosophies into a new worldview with major influences from Sufism and shamanism.

The tree of the world or the tree of life arises from the mihrab filled with hooks and ends in a rhombus with an anthropomorphic depiction of a face. The rhombus is clearly divided into a head covering suggesting a prayer stone and the anthropomorphic depiction of a face. At the moment of the opening praise, the palms of the hands point up during the ritual prayer. This depiction could point to the cultic water blessing, which was still widespread among the Kızılbaş in the 19th century. The drop-shaped figures in the upper central field can thus be interpreted as drops of water.

 

 

 

Kızılbaş flat-weave, Erzurum region, East Anatolia
Owned by Ex Oriente, Waldbrunn (Germany)

Age: 19th century
Format: 179 x 123 cm (approx. 5‘ 11“ x 4‘)
Warp: wool, Z2S, white, 36 warp threads/10 cm
Weft: wool, Z2S, Z, untwisted, cotton with metal wrap, 200 wefts/10 cm
Ends: transverse and plaited weft ends
Colours: red, light red, dark blue, blue, yellow, white (wool, cotton),
green, dark green, brown, reddish brown, violet, (11)
Condition: complete, signs of use
Bibliography: Carpet Collector 4/2013

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